Archaeology Notes

LA 159879: A Late Archaic/Early Agricultural Period Site in the Mimbres Bolson, Near Deming, Luna County, New Mexico

Note number: 456
Author: Akins, Nancy J., Matthew J. Barbour, Robert Dello-Russo, and Stephen C. Lentz
Title: LA 159879: A Late Archaic/Early Agricultural Period Site in the Mimbres Bolson, Near Deming, Luna County, New Mexico
County: Luna
Date of report: 2015
Date of project: 2011
Type of project: Excavation
County: Luna
LA number(s): 159879
Project number: 41.928
Project name: Deming
Subject: Late Archaic/Early Agricultural–period base camp, where occupants exploited both wild and domestic plant species growing along the floodplain of the Mimbres River. Notably, cotton pollen was identified beneath a ground stone artifact associated with an ephemeral structure; the most accurate dates recovered for the structure were between 897 and 774 cal BC (2 sigma). This indirect date for cotton is consistent with early cotton dates in southeast Arizona and may currently be the oldest evidence of domesticated cotton in New Mexico. Radiocarbon dates for the corn remains are 758–429 cal BC (2 sigma).
Pages: 328 pp total (i-xviii, 1–310)
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